Wisdom teeth removal is a surgical procedure to extract one or more of the four permanent adult teeth located in the back corners of the mouth. Although it is a common procedure, it can cause some side effects. The most common side effect of wisdom teeth removal is mild discomfort, accompanied by slight bleeding and swelling. Over-the-counter painkillers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce pain and swelling.
If swelling persists for more than three days, or if you experience fever, pus, or discomfort, it may indicate an infection and you should contact your dentist or visit a dental clinic for emergency care. Injury to sections of the trigeminal nerve is another possible complication of wisdom tooth extraction. This can cause pain, tingling, and numbness in the tongue, lower lip, chin, teeth, and gums. Your oral surgeon will inform you about the risk of complications before the procedure and will try to minimize the chance of nerve damage during the extraction. To prevent potential problems in the future, some dentists and oral surgeons recommend extracting wisdom teeth even if they are not currently causing any issues.
Wisdom teeth usually start to affect teens as early as 16 years old, but many adults don't experience complications until their early twenties. The best way to avoid complications from wisdom tooth extraction is to properly care for dental hygiene after extraction. See your dentist if you have signs of infection after your wisdom teeth have been removed or if you are bleeding profusely at the extraction site. The most important benefit of wisdom tooth extraction is that it reduces the risk of future oral health problems such as gum disease, tooth decay, damage to adjacent teeth, bone loss, and jaw damage.